PCOS Treatment in pune

PCOS Treatment in pune

PCOS Treatment in pune

1) Pathophysiology of PCOS:

PCOS is a common hormonal disorder characterized by irregular menstruation, hyperandrogenism (elevated levels of male hormones), and polycystic ovaries. The exact cause of PCOS is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors. Insulin resistance and elevated levels of insulin in the blood are thought to play a key role in the pathophysiology of PCOS, leading to increased production of androgens by the ovaries and disruptions in the menstrual cycle.

2) Symptoms of PCOS:

PCOS can manifest with a variety of symptoms, which may vary in severity among individuals. Common symptoms of PCOS include:
  1. Irregular menstrual cycles or absence of menstruation (amenorrhea)

  2. Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, or abdomen (hirsutism)

  3. Acne and oily skin

  4. Weight gain or difficulty losing weight

  5. Thinning hair or male-pattern baldness (alopecia)

  6. Insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance

  7. Infertility or difficulty conceiving

  8. Polycystic ovaries detected on ultrasound

3) Investigations for PCOS:

The diagnosis of PCOS is based on a combination of clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, and imaging studies. Investigations commonly used to diagnose PCOS include:

Hormone levels: Blood tests to measure levels of hormones such as testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and insulin.

Lipid profile: Blood tests to assess lipid levels (cholesterol and triglycerides) and evaluate cardiovascular risk factors.

Glucose tolerance test: A test to assess insulin resistance and glucose metabolism, which may indicate an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

Ultrasound: Transvaginal ultrasound to visualize the ovaries and assess for the presence of multiple small cysts (follicles) on the ovaries, a characteristic feature of PCOS.

4)Specialized PCOS Care at Our Hospital:

Weekly PCOS Outpatient Clinic:

Our hospital hosts a dedicated PCOS clinic every week, offering tailored support to patients in need. Here, we provide personalized guidance on diet, exercise, and weight reduction, alongside thorough investigations and age-specific treatments.

Close Follow-up:

We ensure ongoing support and monitoring until improvement is achieved. Our team remains by your side, offering regular follow-up care to track progress and adjust treatments as necessary.

5)Treatment of PCOS:

Treatment for PCOS aims to manage symptoms and reduce the risk of long-term complications, such as infertility, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Treatment strategies may include:

Lifestyle modifications: Healthy diet, regular exercise, and weight management can help improve insulin sensitivity, regulate menstrual cycles, and reduce symptoms of PCOS.

Medications: Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) may be prescribed to regulate menstrual cycles, reduce androgen levels, and improve acne and hirsutism. Other medications, such as anti-androgens, insulin-sensitizing agents (e.g., metformin), and ovulation-inducing drugs, may also be used to manage specific symptoms of PCOS.

Fertility treatments: For women trying to conceive, fertility medications or assisted reproductive technologies (such as in vitro fertilization) may be recommended to stimulate ovulation and increase the chances of pregnancy.

Management of specific symptoms: Additional treatments may be recommended to address specific symptoms of PCOS, such as acne (topical or oral medications), hirsutism (hair removal techniques), and alopecia (minoxidil, hair transplantation).

Overall, the management of PCOS is individualized based on the patient’s symptoms, reproductive goals, and overall health status. Regular monitoring and follow-up with a healthcare provider are essential for the effective management of PCOS and the prevention of complications.

Experience compassionate care and specialized support for your PCOS journey with us. Reach out today to Alatkar Hospital.

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